one sda drive (MX18.3)
has /boot/efi fat32 partition on it flagged boot, esp (sda1, 500mb)
drive also has root, home, swap, formatted ext4 and linux-swap
Pretty much as per DO's video on UEFI
There is one drive, sdb, that has Windows 10 (ntfs)
Then there is an external one (ntfs) for backups (sdd)
This whole setup works like a charm, can load both OSs using grub right after the boot screen.
I have 2 drives left, internal SSDs, that I can install stuff on. Both unallocated so far (sdc and sde)
Suppose I want to start testing a beta, a release candidate, whatever, and I want to use those two drives for that.
Do I need to put an efi partition (like on sda) on both of those as well, or is just having that on sda enough?
If just on sda is enough:
- should I then point to sda when the installer asks about where to put grub?
- or do I skip grub altogether and then update grub when booted in sda, or repair grub using the liveusb?
Or am I thinking about this completely wrong?
The sda drive will always be the main drive, won't get wiped. Once the new MX has proven itself worthy (that is, after the final release and when I have determined that things work properly enough for me) the current install will then be overwritten by an install of the new release and become the main drive once again.
Thing is.. yeah, this is noob stuff. But this person used to take the main mx install drive OUT of the system (those who have been here longer will remember the swappable bays I had), replace it with another, fiddle and tinker on that, and when I was done with it I would put the old one back in and that was that. That just worked.
But that was before I had a new computer with this UEFI thing. And this computer, even though it HAS a swappable bay, is a less forgiving one than the old system, so.. I would like to learn how to handle it with all 4 of them remaining in there. I have never worked with a multi drive system like this (as in more than just the 1 MX drive and 1 Windows drive, and then an external thing), so.. this is completely new.
I need a simpleton step by step explanation on this, and I might annoy you with endless questions until I grasp things fully. I AM after all a complete noob in this area, don't be fooled by my years on the forum where that is concerned.
Code: Select all
System: Host: eadwineMX18.3 Kernel: 4.19.0-5-amd64 x86_64 bits: 64 compiler: gcc v: 6.3.0 Desktop: Xfce 4.12.3 Distro: MX-18.3_x64 Continuum May 26 2019 base: Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch) Machine: Type: Desktop Mobo: ASUSTeK model: TUF B450-PLUS GAMING v: Rev X.0x serial: <filter> UEFI: American Megatrends v: 1607 date: 06/17/2019 Battery: Device-1: hidpp_battery_0 model: Logitech MX Ergo Multi-Device Trackball charge: Full status: Discharging CPU: Topology: 8-Core model: AMD Ryzen 7 2700 bits: 64 type: MT MCP arch: Zen+ rev: 2 L2 cache: 4096 KiB flags: lm nx pae sse sse2 sse3 sse4_1 sse4_2 sse4a ssse3 svm bogomips: 102196 Speed: 1644 MHz min/max: 1550/3200 MHz Core speeds (MHz): 1: 1644 2: 1928 3: 1964 4: 1903 5: 1992 6: 2007 7: 2001 8: 2008 9: 1967 10: 1972 11: 1991 12: 2013 13: 2009 14: 2073 15: 1762 16: 1932 Graphics: Device-1: NVIDIA GP107 [GeForce GTX 1050 Ti] vendor: ASUSTeK driver: nvidia v: 390.116 bus ID: 08:00.0 Display: x11 server: X.Org 1.19.2 driver: nvidia unloaded: fbdev,modesetting,nouveau,vesa resolution: 1920x1080~60Hz, 1920x1080~60Hz OpenGL: renderer: GeForce GTX 1050 Ti/PCIe/SSE2 v: 4.6.0 NVIDIA 390.116 direct render: Yes Audio: Device-1: Conexant Systems CX23887/8 PCIe Broadcast Audio and Video Decoder with 3D Comb vendor: Hauppauge works driver: cx23885 v: 0.0.4 bus ID: 07:00.0 Device-2: NVIDIA vendor: ASUSTeK driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 08:00.1 Device-3: AMD vendor: ASUSTeK driver: snd_hda_intel v: kernel bus ID: 0a:00.3 Device-4: Logitech QuickCam E 3500 type: USB driver: snd-usb-audio,uvcvideo bus ID: 3-1:2 Sound Server: ALSA v: k4.19.0-5-amd64 Network: Device-1: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet vendor: ASUSTeK driver: r8169 v: kernel port: f000 bus ID: 03:00.0 IF: eth0 state: up speed: 1000 Mbps duplex: full mac: <filter> Device-2: Ralink MT7601U Wireless Adapter type: USB driver: mt7601u bus ID: 1-1:2 IF: wlan0 state: down mac: <filter> Drives: Local Storage: total: 1.82 TiB used: 100.88 GiB (5.4%) ID-1: /dev/sda vendor: Samsung model: SSD 860 EVO 250GB size: 232.89 GiB ID-2: /dev/sdb vendor: Samsung model: SSD 860 EVO 250GB size: 232.89 GiB ID-3: /dev/sdc vendor: Samsung model: SSD 860 EVO 250GB size: 232.89 GiB ID-4: /dev/sdd type: USB vendor: Seagate model: BUP Slim RD size: 931.51 GiB ID-5: /dev/sde vendor: Samsung model: SSD 860 EVO 250GB size: 232.89 GiB Partition: ID-1: / size: 57.42 GiB used: 9.10 GiB (15.9%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda2 ID-2: /home size: 162.39 GiB used: 22.22 GiB (13.7%) fs: ext4 dev: /dev/sda4 ID-3: swap-1 size: 7.81 GiB used: 0 KiB (0.0%) fs: swap dev: /dev/sda3 Sensors: System Temperatures: cpu: 44.8 C mobo: 37.0 C gpu: nvidia temp: 42 C Fan Speeds (RPM): cpu: 705 fan-2: 850 fan-3: 0 fan-4: 824 fan-6: 0 gpu: nvidia fan: 26% Voltages: 12v: N/A 5v: N/A 3.3v: 3.36 vbat: 3.29 Repos: Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/antix.list 1: deb http://iso.mxrepo.com/antix/stretch/ stretch main Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian-stable-updates.list 1: deb http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ stretch-updates main contrib non-free Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian.list 1: deb http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/ stretch main contrib non-free 2: deb http://security.debian.org/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list 1: deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/keeper.list 1: deb [arch=amd64] https://keepersecurity.com/desktop_electron/Linux/repo/deb/ stable main Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/megasync.list 1: deb https://mega.nz/linux/MEGAsync/Debian_9.0/ ./ Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mx.list 1: deb http://nl.mxrepo.com/mx/repo/ stretch main non-free Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/skype-stable.list 1: deb [arch=amd64] https://repo.skype.com/deb/ stable main Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/slack.list 1: deb https://packagecloud.io/slacktechnologies/slack/debian/ jessie main No active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/slacktechnologies_slack.list Active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list 1: deb http://repository.spotify.com/ stable non-free No active apt repos in: /etc/apt/sources.list.d/various.list Info: Processes: 348 Uptime: 47m Memory: 31.41 GiB used: 2.55 GiB (8.1%) Init: SysVinit runlevel: 5 Compilers: gcc: 6.3.0 Shell: bash v: 4.4.12 inxi: 3.0.33