Wiki Table of Contents

BIOS

From Wikipedia: The BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) is boot firmware, designed to be the first code run by a PC when powered on. The initial function of the BIOS is to identify, test, and initialize system devices such as the video display card, hard disk, and floppy disk and other hardware. This is to prepare the machine into a known state, so that software stored on compatible media can be loaded, executed, and given control of the PC.

Version check

To check the version of the bios on your machine, open a terminal, become root, and type

dmidecode -s bios-version
More info can be obtained by typing instead

dmidecode | head -n10

Entering the BIOS

When you start to boot or reboot, you need to hit a particular key as soon as your system starts up. Often there is a screen telling you what to hit, but this isn’t always the case. If the DEL key doesn’t do the trick, try F1, F2, F10, or the ESC key. Sometimes you have to keep hitting it once a second or so until it opens up. Consult your user manual or a web search engine for the correct sequence if nothing else works.

Use

It is sometimes to enter the BIOS to alter fundamental system behavior, whether for a single time or permanently. Here are some examples of actions undertaken by users (not applicable to all machines):

  • Change the boot order–for instance, to force the system to first look at the USB
  • Change new Windows machines from UEFI to legacy/hybrid boot mode
  • Enable the Secure Virtual Machine Mode

Upgrading the bios

WARNING: be careful when considering this action. The most common method of upgrading the BIOS is to flash it using an external medium. In order to do this, you need to check what your machine’s vendor has made available for your particular model. Then use a search engine to find out the recommended method for your product.

Upgrading BIOS with Linux

v. 20150626

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