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KDE

There is no official release of MX-Linux KDE. But individual users have created respins that can be obtained through the current list of community respins maintained on the Forum. This page is intended for users intending to create their own version.

Introduction

KDE is somewhat unique among the alternate desktops available for MX Linux because it requires a good deal of user knowledge, experience and action to be adequate. It is also much bigger than the other desktops, and thus has its own recommended System Requirements. Note that 64MB is still very basic for graphic memory. It is recommend that a minimum of 250MB be installed to get reasonable results

Installation

There are two tools for installing KDE: Synaptic and MX Package Installer (the easier way).

Almost all the tweaking will consist of things always done to a new installation anyway, like setting up the panel, installing a different mouse cursor arrow, setting up compositing features and changing window appearances in System Settings. The resulting KDE desktop will be very generic, featuring plain gray KDE wallpaper with stripes running diagonally.

WARNING: if coming from antiX you must make sure to install KDE’s login manager kdm because the antiX manager (Slim) will no longer function.

KDE 4.8.4 running on top of MX Linux.

Basic customization

Actions listed here are done with the widgets unlocked; when you have finished be sure to lock widgets again: right click on the desktop > Lock Widgets. You are strongly urged not to run the system with the Widgets Unlocked. There are many items provided by a standard KDE installation that have to be done manually.

  • The delete action isn’t enabled automatically in Thunar
  • There is no easy super-user mode for Thunar. But it is easy to create a launcher on the panel or desktop with the command: gksu Thunar
  • There won’t be a trash can on the desktop; you have to add a trash can as a widget.
  • The KDE Menu Editor is not included with the installation of KDE-Standard. You can add it by installing the ’kmenuedit’ package via Synaptic. It can then be run from krunner. A full reload of KDE or reboot may be necessary before it will be available as a right-click option on the Menu.
  • You may be very disappointed in the quality of the fonts OOTB. You may see a noticeable improvement by changing the default anti-aliasing setting in System Settings ≻ Application Appearance ≻ Fonts to slight and by applying a Force Fonts DPI setting to 120. Some users have gotten nice results by using the Ubuntu fonts for all the default fonts and using larger default font sizes.
  • For folks who installed video drivers using nvidia-install: to get the most recent drivers compatible with your Nvidia GPUs, add this to your repository list: deb http://packages-siduction.org/fixes/ unstable non-free Apt-notifier will notify you of any updates to the packages installed with nvidia-install.
  • For all users with Nvidia GPUs on MX Linux: When making a snapshot of your system be sure to edit /usr/lib/snapshot-mx/snapshot-excselude.list and enable the following lines by removing the hash sign so the result looks like this:
 etc/X11/xorg.conf
 etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf 

Unless one of those two files is in your snapshot, you’ll be stuck on the CLI following boot-up and you won’t be able to start X from the CLI.

  • The F12 hotkey for ejecting the CD/DVD may not work OOTB. To fix that go to System Settings ≻ Shortcuts and Gestures ≻ Edit ≻ New ≻ Global Shortcut ≻ Command/URL ≻ Trigger and assign F12 to the command eject -T. You’ll get a complaint that this conflicts with another action, but you can safely ignore that. With this setting F12 will open the CD/DVD tray if it’s closed and close it if it’s open.
  • You may find a bug in Device Notifier that opens the wrong applications when clicking on default actions. Some MX users have found that clicking on the File Manager action after plugging in a USB device opened ShowFoto instead of Thunar. Changing the Device Notifier settings or System Settings did not correct this as long as ShowFoto was installed. You should be able to fix this bug by editing /usr/share/kde4/apps/solid/actions/test-predicate-openwindow.desktop, changing this line:
 Exec=kioclient exec %f

to this:

 Exec=/usr/bin/Thunar %f

If you have similar miscues with other device actions, delve into /usr/share/kde4/apps/solid/actions/ folder, look for the controlling file, and change the Exec=xxxx line accordingly.

For more customization tips, consult this Community document and KDE documentation.

Graphics rendering for GTK applications

You may be very disappointed with the graphics rendering OOTB for GTK applications. This may need some work. Not all the gtk packages that are required are installed with the KDE-standard meta package, so you’ll have to follow up with installing them yourself. To get GTK-applications to look native in Plasma you need to install these packages using Synaptic.

Dolphin file manager

Installation

Easy installation of KDE’s Dolphin file manager is available in MX Package Installer > MX Test Repo.

Cloud plugins

Dropbox functionality can be integrated into the Dolphin right click menu. Install kdesdk-dolphin-plugins. It is in the standard repositories. To activate it, go to the the Dolphin configuration menu then services and click the Dropbox entry.

The NextCloud plugin is available in MX Package Installer > MX Test Repo.

For tips and tricks, consult this long Forum thread.

v. 20190613

2 thoughts on “KDE”

    • Thanks. I made an initial cleanup of this article (which dates from the beginning of MX Linux), and have posted on the Forum to get some help from MX KDE users.

      Reply

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